Historical Maramures

Relative isolation between these mountains of Maramures favored defense and preservation of local organizational forms for hundreds of years, but also preserve their traditional lifestyle until almost rustic today. 


Maramures Forests have always been rich in wildlife: deer, deer, bear, wolf, fox, wild boar, marten, etc and protected or endangered species: lynx, marmot chamois, capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), golden eagle (golden eagle) and black grouse. 


Excavations show habitation since prehistoric times Maramures Depression.Traces secure the Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic have been found in the country south of Oas and Gutai. Neolithic have been found in Sighet, Campulung the left bank of Iza between Rozavlea and Str├ómtura. 


Culture of Maramures County is well known for its originality and its strong local color as folklorist said Tancred Banateanu "a totally original character with specific elements not found in other areas." 


Currently, about 34,000 Ruthenians living in Maramures Romanian Romanian and 45,000 in Northern Maramures ties with compatriots is now possible for all through road bridge Sighet Ocna Slatina (Solotvino) and rail bridges to dreams and Cîmpulung the Tisza Valley.